Unit -I: Physical Education: Concept, Structure and Functions

  • Physical education and adapted physical education, their objectives
  • Philosophies of education as applied to physical education
  • Development of Physical education in Greece, Rome, Sweden, Russia England, Denmark, Germany, USA, Australia and China.
  • Growth and development of physical education in India:
  • Recreation- its principles, characteristics and importance. Modern trends in recreation. Indoor and outdoor recreational programmes. Recreational programmes for various categories of people.
  • Wellness- its importance, benefits and challenges. Development and maintenance of wellness.
  • Teaching Aptitude – nature, objectives, characteristics of teaching, learner characteristics and teaching methods.
  • Social aspects of sports- sports as a socializing agency, social values, sports leadership, sports as cultural heritage and social aspects of competition.
  • Ancient & Modern Olympics games, Asian and Commonwealth games.
  • Structure and functions of international and national bodies controlling various games and sports, Prominent honours and awards in games and sports.

Unit -II: Exercise Physiology

  • Exercise physiology its scope and importance in the field of physical education and sports.
  • Cardio respiratory adaptations to long and short-term physical activities.
  • Muscle- its types, characteristics and functions. Microscopic structure of muscle fibre. Sliding filament theory of muscular contraction. Types of muscle fibres and sports performance. Muscular adaptations to exercise.
  • Neuro-muscular junction and transmission of nerve impulse, kinesthetic Sense organs and neural control of motor skills.
  • Bio-chemical aspects of exercise – Metabolism of food products. Aerobic and anaerobic systems during rest and exercise. Direct and indirect methods of measuring energy cost of exercise.
  • Recovery process – Physiological aspects of fatigue. Restoration of energy stores. Recovery oxygen. Nutritional aspects of performance.
  • Environmental influence on human physiology under exercise.
  • Women in sports- trainability. Physiological gender differences and special problems of women athletes.
  • Aging – Physiological consequences, life style management and healthful aging.
  • Physiological responses of various therapeutic modalities and rehabilitation.
  • Physiological aspects of various Ergogenic aids. Massage manipulations and their physiological responses.

Unit- III: Muscular and Mechanical Analyses

  • Kinesiology and biomechanics. Modern trends in biomechanics. Planes and Axes of human body. Joints and their movements.
  • Muscle attachments – Origin, insertion, action and leverage of the principal muscles used in sports.
  • Motion: its laws and their application in sports. Projectile and principles of projections
  • Linear and angular kinematics and kinetics.
  • Friction, Spin, impact and elasticity.
  • Air and water dynamics.
  • Mechanical advantage and applications of Levers in sports.
  • Posture and its deformities with their corrective exercises.
  • Kinesiological, Muscular and mechanical analyses of fundamental movements:
  • Mechanical analyses of major sports skills.

Unit – IV: Sports Psychology

  • Sports psychology- its importance in the field of physical education and sports.
  • Motivation in sports- types, theories and dynamics.
  • Psychological factors affecting sports performance- Emotions, Anxiety aggression, stress, self-confidence, concentration, mental practice and goal setting.
  • Personality- Theories of personality, measurement of personality.
  • Group dynamics, Group cohesion and leadership in sports.
  • Cognitive process- memory and thinking. Principles of Motor skill learning.
  • Transfer of training and its types with its implication in sports.
  • Long and short-term psychological preparation for performance/ competition.
  • Psychological skill training for activation and relaxation
  • Spectators and sports performance.

Unit -V: Curriculum Design in Physical Education

  • Development of teacher education for physical education in India. Comparative study of professional preparation in physical education of India with those of USA, Russia, Germany, Australia and UK.
  • Professional and other courses of physical education in India. Role of Government agencies monitoring professional courses in physical education.
  • Qualities, qualifications and responsibilities of physical education personnel at primary, secondary and higher education levels. Scope of physical education personnel in the promotion of health, fitness and wellness.
  • Recent Government policies for promoting physical education and sports in India.
  • Hierarchy of organizational set-up in physical education at schools, colleges and university level.
  • Role of public & private sectors in the promotion of physical education and sports in the country.
  • Curriculum development- Concepts and principles of curriculum planning. Subject matter for different levels of education – primary, secondary and higher education.
  • Curriculum design and content- importance, selection and classification of subject matter with reference to age, sex and differently abled pupils. Integrated programme for boys and girls.
  • Teaching aids – Time-table, Concepts, credit system for various subject courses- theory and practical, Impact of technology in physical education and sports,
  • Curriculum evaluation: Concepts and purpose; procedure and appraisal.

Unit -VI: Health and Nutrition

  • Health- its objectives and spectrum. Health education, its importance and principles. Role of genetics and environment in achieving health. Health-related physical fitness.
  • Community health programme- Health appraisal & health instructions. International and national health promoting government & private agencies.
  • School Health programme and personal hygiene.
  • Communicable diseases: causes, symptoms, prevention through other means and Immunization.
  • Psychosomatic disorders/ sedentary life style diseases : causes, symptoms and prevention.
  • Obesity related health problems. Body weight control and its significance on health. Role of exercise, dieting and combination of exercise & dieting on weight control.
  • First-aid- objectives and principles. First-aid for Shock, poisoning, burns, drowning, bleeding, electric shock and common sports injuries.
  • Pollution- Air, water, sound and radiation. Effects of pollution on health, Preventive and safety measures from pollution.
  • Nutrition- Balanced diet and its components. Nutritional Deficiencies. Understanding of malnutrition and nutritional supplements.
  • Effects of smoking, alcohol, & drugs on health; prevention and rehabilitation.

Unit -VII: Sports Training Principles

  • Sports training- its characteristics and principles. Training load, its features, principles and adaptation process. Means and methods of executing training load. Overload, its Causes, symptoms and remedial measures.
  • Strength- its characteristics, types of strength, factors determining strength and strength development.
  • Endurance- its characteristics, types of endurance, factors determining endurance and endurance development.
  • Speed- its characteristics, types of Speed, factors determining Speed and speed development.
  • Flexibility-its characteristics, types of flexibility, factors determining flexibility and flexibility development.
  • Coordinative abilities- its characteristics, types of coordinative abilities, factors determining coordinative abilities and development of coordinative abilities.
  • Technique and skill- its characteristics and importance. Different stages of technique development and technique training. Tactics and strategy.
  • Planning- its importance and principles. Types of planning.
  • Periodization- its importance, objectives and types of periodization. Concept of different periods – Preparatory, competition and transitional. Types of Competition:
  • Talent identification- process and procedure.

Unit -VIII: Research in Physical Education

  • Research in physical education- its importance and classification. Ethical issues in research.
  • Methods of research- Descriptive, historical and experimental. Experimental research designs.
  • Identification and formulation of research problem. Types of research hypotheses and their formulation. Hypotheses testing.
  • Tools of research- Questionnaires, opinionnaires, interviews and observation.
  • Sources and steps of literature search- library, research data bases, internet- search engines, online journals. Note taking and critical reading.
  • Sampling Techniques- Probability and non-probability.
  • Data, its types and collecting measures.
  • Normal probability curve and grading scales.
  • Statistical processes, their importance and uses in research.
  • Application of parametric and non-parametric statistical techniques in research.
  • Computer applications- statistical packages for data analyses- SPSS, e-mail, search engines and Microsoft office.
  • Preparation of research proposal, report, abstract, paper for publication and paper for presentation.

Unit – IX: Measurement and Evaluation in Physical Education

  • Test, measurement and evaluation -their types and importance in physical education and sports. Principles and processes of evaluation in physical education.
  • Criteria of selecting an appropriate test and administration of testing programme.
  • Types of tests and construction of standard knowledge and skill tests.
  • Tests for fitness- Physical fitness, motor fitness, motor ability and motor educability. Health related fitness tests.
  • Test for fitness components- strength, endurance, speed, flexibility and coordinative abilities.
  • Sports skill tests- Badminton, Basketball, Football, Hockey, Tennis, and Volleyball.
  • Anthropometric Measurements- land marks and measurement of various body segments, height, sitting-height, weight, diameters, circumferences, skinfolds, body mass index, ponderal index.
  • Somatotype and Posture evaluating techniques.
  • Testing of physiological phenomenons- Blood pressure, breathing frequency vital capacity, heart rate, pulse rate, body temperature and body composition.
  • Tests for psychological variables- Anxiety, aggression, team cohesion, achievement motivation, mental-toughness, and self-efficacy.

Unit – X: Management in Physical Education and Sports

  • Management- its principles and theories. Scope of management in physical education and sports. Guiding principles for organizing physical education & sports programmes in institutions.
  • Personnel management- objectives and principles. Self-appraisal, communication skills and time management. Essential skills of administration.
  • Financial management- objectives, purposes, principles and scope. Planning and preparation of budget. Mechanics of purchase and auditing.
  • Supervision – objectives, principles and importance of supervision. Techniques of supervision. Duties and responsibilities of a supervisor.
  • Facility management- planning, procuring and maintenance of facilities- indoor and outdoor facilities. Planning and management of sports infrastructure. Management of records.
  • Role of sports manager- interpersonal, informational and decision making. Managerial skills – technical, human and conceptual. Qualities and qualification of sports manager.
  • Event management- its principles, planning, check list, rehearsal, itinerary, execution, reporting and follow-up procedures of an event.
  • Public relation- principles of public relations in physical education and sports. Mass Media- communication and publicity, qualifications of Public relation officer.


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